What the best dehumidifiers
- Large capacity. Experts say that in the majority of
cases, the best humidifier will be the one with the largest capacity. That's
true for even smaller spaces and more modest humidity problems as a large
capacity humidifier will cycle fewer times and have larger condensate
- Ample collection container. In all cases, the larger the
collection container, the less often it will need to be emptied. This is less
of a concern if you plan to drain the dehumidifier continuously via a hose.
- Ample humidity range. Dehumidifiers can be set to the
preferred humidity, ranging between 30 and 85 percent. Most users say they
prefer a relative humidity level between 50 and 60 percent to avoid mold and
- Multiple fan speeds. Portable dehumidifiers often have two-speed
fans. The slower speed is typically less noisy than the high speed, but the
dehumidifier will wring out moisture more slowly.
- Automatic shutoff. Automatic shutoff deactivates the
dehumidifier when the collection canister becomes full, an essential feature to
- Automatic defrost. When used in cooler spaces, the coils
in dehumidifiers can frost up, rendering the machine useless. Auto defrost
helps to thaw the coils without human intervention.
- Full-container indicator. Without an indicator light, it can be
hard to be sure if dehumidifier isn't running because the container is full or if
it's because it's between cycles.
- Automatic restart. In the event of a power outage, auto-restart
will reactivate the machine once power is restored. This is a valuable feature
for those using a dehumidifier in a property where someone might not always be
present, such as a vacation home, or when the dehumidifier is installed in a
relatively inaccessible location, such as in a tight crawl space.
- Cold temperature operation. Depending on where you intend to use
the dehumidifier, you'll want to choose a model that operates effectively at
the lowest temperatures it will be exposed to. Unfinished basements and crawl
spaces, for instance, tend to have lower temperatures than finished basements
or main living areas.
- High efficiency. Dehumidifiers that are Energy Star Qualified
operate more efficiently than non-Energy Star models. If you're dealing with an
area with high humidity and will be running the appliance often, Energy Star-Qualified
models will save you money on electricity.
- Solid warranty. Be mindful of warranty options when
purchasing a dehumidifier. In general, dehumidifiers last a few years, although
malfunctions are possible. For portable dehumidifiers, standard warranties are
for one year, though some components, such as the sealed compressor system,
might be covered for longer.
Know before you go
How large is your space? Before you buy a dehumidifier, you'll
need to know the size of the space you intend to use it in. This is
particularly important for crawl spaces, where some units may not fit. Dehumidifiers
vary significantly in the square footage they can effectively remove adequate
moisture from, so choose a model with sufficient coverage, or consider buying
Will you want to move the dehumidifier? Sometimes,
consumers purchase a dehumidifier that they plan to rotate through different
areas of the home. If this is the case, heavy models aren't the most practical
option. Consider where you'll be using it, whether you'll need to relocate it
up or down flights of stairs and whether the dehumidifier you're considering is
designed to be permanently or semi-permanently configured in one place.
How high a capacity dehumidifier do you
need? The simple answer
is to buy as big a dehumidifier as you can afford. Bigger capacity
dehumidifiers can handle a wider range of humidity issues without constantly
cycling on and off, which adds wear and tear to, and subtracts usable lifetime
from, the appliance.
Can you kick the bucket? Whether the collection container is
large or small, and regardless of how often or seldom you need to empty it,
doing so isn't a fun job thanks to its weight when full and the occasional
slosh or spill. Most portable dehumidifiers have a provision that lets you hook
up a hose instead to continuously empty the moisture it captures into a floor
drain. Some have a pump that will let you dump the water into a sink or out the
basement window -- and third-party pumps are available as well. Whole-house and
basement dehumidifiers have no bucket at all -- condensate is emptied via a
hose, again with pumps generally available as third party add-ons.