What the best deodorant and antiperspirant does
- Lasts all day. Many deodorant claims of lasting 24 to 48 hours are exaggerated, but your deodorant should not require frequent reapplication throughout the day. At most, you should only need to apply deodorant once each day, while some can be used only a few times per week.
- Works well at fighting odor and sweat. The best deodorants/antiperspirants fight odor and wetness at the source, even when it's hot outside or the user is engaged in physical activity.
- Comes with packaging that is easy to use. The product should be designed for intuitive, easy, even application. Most consumers find that stick applicators and sprays are the easiest to apply, although some don't mind using their fingers to apply creams.
- Doesn't leave white marks. The best deodorants and antiperspirants go on clear and won't stain or rub off on your clothing.
- Dries quickly. Slow-drying deodorants can be uncomfortable and messy leaving residue behind on clothing.
- Has a favorable scent. The deodorant should smell pleasant and appealing, but never overpowering or off-putting. Fragrance-free versions should really be free of any fragrances, including ones that mask the deodorant's natural smell.
- Doesn't irritate skin. Deodorants with harsh ingredients can cause rashes on people with sensitive skin; they can also cause irritation when used directly after shaving. However, because everyone's body chemistry is different, some people find that they're sensitive to certain ingredients like baking soda, while others have no problems at all with the same formulations.
Know before you go
Do you want an antiperspirant, a deodorant -- or both? Antiperspirants block the sweat ducts, reducing perspiration and the odor that often goes with it. Deodorants contain bacteria-fighting ingredients to reduce odor, but do little to prevent sweating. Many products contain both antiperspirant and deodorants to do both.
Do you want scented, unscented or fragrance-free? Scented deodorants can smell pleasant and mask odor, but some people prefer unscented varieties (although "unscented" deodorants actually contain masking fragrances). If you're sensitive to fragrances, look for deodorants marked "fragrance-free."
Do you have sensitive skin? If antiperspirants have given you a rash in the past, don't put them on right after showering or shaving -- that's when they're most likely to irritate skin. If that doesn't help, try a different active ingredient. Some people react badly to antiperspirants with aluminum chloride, others to aluminum zirconium trichlorohydrex glycine. Some find sprays, gels or roll-ons more irritating than solids. Some get rashes from natural deodorants.
Do you need "clinical strength?" These antiperspirants promise to keep you drier than regular antiperspirants, and doctors and users say the best ones really do work, however their higher concentrations of active ingredients make them more likely to cause skin irritation.
There isn't much difference between men's and women's deodorant. A quick look at the ingredient list of products sold to men and women confirms that they are basically the same. The main differences lie in fragrance, packaging and marketing.
"Natural," aluminum-free products cannot prevent perspiration. Their ingredients do not block sweat ducts and therefore only provide deodorizing benefits. However, some natural deodorants contain clays and baking soda that can help to absorb moisture to leave you feeling drier.
Allow antiperspirants to dry completely before dressing. Yellow stains on clothes are caused by a reaction between antiperspirant ingredients and proteins on the skin. Allowing products to dry completely after application will minimize staining as well as white marks left behind on clothes.
Better yet, apply antiperspirant to clean underarms at bedtime. "Clinical-strength" antiperspirants often tell you to apply at bedtime, but experts say this is really the best time to apply any antiperspirant. Since you sweat less at night, the active ingredient will have time to penetrate the sweat ducts.
Always follow the directions printed on the label. Deodorants contain detailed application guidance on their packaging and/or labels. If you don't follow these instructions carefully (such as washing off any residue in the morning after applying an antiperspirant the night before), you'll be more likely to experience irritation.
If over-the-counter deodorants fail, consult your doctor. About 3 percent of people have hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), and there are several methods to treat it. Prescription antiperspirant (Drysol) is the first line of defense. Iontophoresis, which uses a mild electrical current to thicken the outer layer of skin and turn off sweat production, is very effective for sweaty hands and feet. Botox injections can be used at the site of excessive sweating. MiraDry, a relatively new noninvasive treatment, uses microwaves to permanently eliminate underarm sweat glands.