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Electronic Cigarettes Reviews and Research

Total of 10 Sources
1. U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Update July 2009
FDA and Public Health Experts Warn About Electronic Cigarettes
Our AssessmentThis brief article discusses the laboratory findings of an analysis of e-cigarettes by the FDA. The summary says that the FDA found inconsistencies among e-cigarettes, with samples from two brands emitting detectable levels of toxins and carcinogens. They also conclude that the industry lacks quality control measures and that the level of nicotine delivery varies greatly from one cigarette to the next.
Marketers of Electronic Cigarettes Should Halt Unproved Therapy Claims
Our AssessmentIn 2008, the WHO said electronic cigarettes have not been shown to be a legitimate tool to help smokers quit. WHO says more research and testing would be needed before making any formal determination.
Tobacco Control News: E-Cigarette Health Risks; Decline in Greek Smoking Rates
Our AssessmentA recent study conducted by Harvard's Center for Global Tobacco Control suggests that smoking e-cigarettes may restrict your airway even faster than a conventional cigarette.
Electronic Cigarettes as a Harm Reduction Strategy for Tobacco Control: A Step Forward or a Repeat of Past Mistakes?
by Zachary Cahn and Michael Siegel
Our AssessmentThis article is one of the most-often referenced on the safety and use of electronic cigarettes. The article explains how e-cigarettes work and reviews research regarding their safety and efficacy before concluding that "electronic cigarettes show tremendous promise in the fight against tobacco-related morbidity and mortality."
Electronic Cigarettes as a Smoking-Cessation Tool: Results from an Online Survey
by Michael B. Siegel
Our AssessmentIn this 2011 study, researchers from Boston University sent out an online survey to those who had purchased a specific brand of electronic cigarettes. The sample size was small -- out of 5000 surveys deployed, just 222 people responded. Those who did reported positive results, saying that the device had helped them cut down on or quit smoking. However, critics say that those who had experienced more positive results could have been more apt to respond to the survey; they also say that the study does not provide definitive evidence that these devices should be considered a smoking cessation tool.
Electronic Cigarettes (e-cigs): Views of Aficionados and Clinical/Public Health Perspectives
by J. Foulds, S. Veldheer, A. Berg
Our AssessmentResearchers surveyed 104 electronic cigarette smokers to determine the impact of the device on their overall tobacco use. The majority of those questioned use e-cigarettes with a medium to high concentrate of nicotine liquid, but most also say the alternate devices successfully helped them quit smoking. The researchers say that there is no solid evidence supporting the safety and efficacy of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid. Instead, they suggest those looking to quit smoking should turn to counseling and FDA-approved medications.
AAPHP Statement re State Regulation of E-cigarettes
by Joel L. Nitzkin, Chair, Tobacco Control Task Force
Our AssessmentIn this statement, the American Association of Public Heath Physicians gives their recommendation for a "permissive approach" to electronic cigarettes. The statement says that a high percentage of tobacco-related illnesses stem from the "toxic products of combustion" that occur when smoking cigarettes. Electronic cigarettes, which do not contain the toxic products created by combustion, could potentially decrease smoking-related fatalities. However, they recommend restricting the sale of such devices to minors, expressing concern over nicotine addiction and the normalization of smoking.
8. Chest Journal
Dec. 2011
Short-term Pulmonary Effects of Using an Electronic Cigarette: Impact on Respiratory Flow Resistance, Impedance, and Exhaled Nitric Oxide
by Constantine I. Vardavas, MD, MPH, PhD
Our AssessmentElectronic cigarettes are linked to immediate, negative changes in e-cigarette smoker's airways in this study published in the journal Chest. The researchers behind this small study note that these effects could be potentially outweighed by the long-term benefits of not smoking. However, given the lack of research as to whether these devices can help a smoker to quit, the researchers conclude that smokers interested in quitting should opt for proven cessation medications and counseling.
9. American Medical Association
Feb. 15, 2010
Judge: E-cigarettes Not Subject to FDA Oversight as Drug Delivery Device
by Amy Lynn Sorrel
Our AssessmentThis article from the American Medical Association's website discusses a decision by a federal judge that denied the FDA the right to regulate electronic cigarettes as a drug (a petition which they had made previously). The judge ruled that electronic cigarettes are an alternative to traditional tobacco cigarettes and thus should be regulated in the same way. Some medical experts, however, say that because many companies position these devices as a smoking cessation aid, they need greater oversight than a traditional tobacco cigarette.
10. ConsumerReports.org
May 2012
Do E-Cigarettes Help Smokers Quit?
by Editors of ConsumerReports.org
Our AssessmentConsumerReports.org briefly examines the research into the use of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool. They also discuss very generally how electronic cigarettes work. They conclude that users should: "Talk to your doctor before trying to quit smoking with e-cigarettes. Because they're not regulated, safety is a question and you use them at your own risk."
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