What every best Furnaces has:
- The proper AFUE rating.
- Two stage valves.
- A programmable thermostat.
Also known as condensing furnaces, furnaces with AFUE ratings of 90 percent or greater condense the water vapor in exhaust gases to extract additional heat. Venting is directly through a wall to the outside through a PVC pipe, rather than through the chimney. This efficiency comes at a cost, however. Experts say a condensing furnace may cost about $1,000 more than a furnace with an annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE) rating of around 80 percent. Installation costs may be higher as well. However, because a condensing furnace will use less fuel over time, the energy savings may be enough to recoup the extra cost. In addition, a condensing furnace will emit less carbon dioxide, which may be an important factor for those concerned about pollution.
Keep in mind that regulations that went into effect in May 2013 mandates furnaces with 90 percent AFUE ratings or greater in 30 northern states; the requirement is for an 80 percent rating in the 20 other, milder-climate states. These regulations only apply to non-weatherized furnaces. As of Jan. 1, 2015, weatherized furnaces need to also meet the 90 percent rating standard in 30 northern states, and an 81 percent AFUE rating in 20 milder-weather states. A condensing furnace with an AFUE of 90 percent or more may qualify for a local tax credits or utility rebates; or even for federal tax credits thanks to the extension of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, which will remain in effect through December 31, 2016. For a complete, state-by-state list of credits and rebates, visit the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) website.
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