Do you want a Mac or PC? Reviewers and pundits hotly debate the relative value of a Macintosh versus a PC. Keep in mind that all Macs can run Windows because they use Intel chips, although you'll need to buy a copy of the Windows operating system (OS) (Est. $90 and up, depending on version) that you want since Windows software is not included in a Mac computer. Review tests show that Windows can run just as fast on a Mac as on a comparable PC.
Two programs, Apple's free Boot Camp and Parallels Desktop for Mac (Est. $55), allow Mac users to run Mac OS X and Windows on the same Apple computer. Boot Camp comes with the Mac OS, but users must reboot to use Windows. As the name implies, Parallels allows the use of both operating systems at the same time. Reviewers say it's faster than Boot Camp, too.
The Mac OS will run only on a Macintosh computer, which makes the product line unique. Mac computers have been shown to be less vulnerable to virus attacks, although hackers have paid more attention to Apple's systems over the last few years.
Apple also has the industry's best tech support and reliability record. The downside of just 90 days of free telephone support is offset by access to Apple's free in-store Genius Bars, assuming the nearest Apple Retail Store isn't too far away.
Mac laptops used to cost more than Windows models, but that price difference largely vanishes when comparing systems that are identically configured. However, upgrades can be easier on some Windows laptops. For example, Apple laptops' batteries aren't removable, and the MacBook Air has its memory soldered directly to the motherboard. Apple upgrades can also be very expensive compared to similar upgrades on PC laptops, but Mac computers tend to hold their resale value well.
Touch screen or no touch screen? Many laptops now have touch-screen displays to make the most of Windows touch features, but they cost more than non-touch models. You can certainly use Windows 8.1 without a touch screen, and some very good laptops omit the touch screen to lower the price. Initial reviews say that the just released Windows 10 is much friendlier to keyboard and mouse use.
Glossy or matte display? Many new laptops have a glossy display, which makes graphics and movies look saturated but can give off glare, especially outside or in an office environment. If you regularly work under bright lights, look for a laptop with an anti-glare or matte display.
How big of a hard drive should you get? The short answer is to get the biggest hard drive you can afford; photo, music and video files take up a lot of space. Adding a larger hard drive when you configure a system is a worthwhile upgrade if you collect media files. You can't put an additional internal hard drive into most laptops, so allowing room for growth can be a good investment.
Many laptops now ship with solid-state drives (SSDs). SSDs open applications and boot up Windows much faster than mechanical hard drives, but they cost more than traditional drives and often provide less storage capacity. Some laptops offer an SSD for fast boot-up and access to most-used files and programs, plus a high-capacity mechanical hard drive for holding larger files and deep storage. Big SSDs are available on some laptops, but on those with only a small SSD, options to store files "to the cloud" can be valuable.
What about wireless connectivity? Just about all laptops come with integrated Wi-Fi. Some also provide built-in or optional access to cell phone carrier wireless networks, but a separate data plan is required. Some laptops include technology such as WirelessHD, Miracast or Intel's WiDi to stream content in HD to a compatible TV, or one equipped with a third-party adapter or receiver. Bluetooth is another common feature.
What should you expect in terms of service, support and warranty policies? Laptop warranties range from one to three years. All manufacturers offer warranty upgrades and prices can vary by model. Tech support is generally free during the warranty period, but not thereafter. Some manufacturers such as Dell and HP add extras like theft insurance to warranty upgrades to make them more attractive. However, some brands are easier to deal with than others if problems arise. Look to the reviews of the individual laptops covered in this report for guidance.
What is bloatware, and how can you deal with it? Consumer laptops are bundled with software that's often not what you want or need. For example, you typically won't get Microsoft Office -- including Word, Excel, Outlook and PowerPoint -- without paying extra for it (although it, or at least a one year subscription, is again being bundled with some systems). Instead, you'll get limited-time trial versions of programs, adware and crippled software, unless you pay to unlock full functionality. Many find this so-called bloatware to be a minor nuisance, but sometimes it slows down boot-up times and performance until the offending programs are uninstalled. Laptops that ship with a minimum of bloatware often earn extra points in user and expert reviews.
If you end up with a laptop that has a lot of bloatware, PC Decrapifier can help you clean it up quickly and with minimum hassle. Just don't accidentally delete any critical programs! The tool is free for personal users.
Which processor? Users are faced with a sometimes bewildering array of choices when it comes to processors. Older-generation Intel Core processors can still fit the bill for basic and even business use. However, fifth-generation Core processors with Broadwell technology raise the stakes by providing better battery life and improved graphics. Older systems with fourth generation Haswell technology are still around, and only a small step behind. Ironically, if you want a high end system with a Core i7 processor, most still use 4th generation chips as the Broadwell-based Core i7 was late to market and only began appearing in June of 2015.
Regardless of the technology generation, most users will do just fine with an Intel Core i3 processor. It provides sufficient power for everyday computing, web browsing and more, and it won't falter when multitasking, although gaming will be limited to less-demanding titles. If you have the leeway and the need, budget laptops with Core i5 or i7 processors provide a performance boost along with notably better integrated graphics capabilities, particularly in the case of Core i7 processors.
Haswell technology is also found in current Intel Pentium and Celeron chips, and our top-rated Chromebook uses a Haswell-based Celeron chip to power its way past older models using ARM processors. Older Bay Trail technology has transformed the lowly Atom processor into a chip that bears serious consideration for everyday computing as well.
Some ultraportable laptops use Intel's Core M processor. These low-power CPUs generate relatively little heat, allowing for impossibly thin systems such as the 12-inch Apple MacBook with Retina display (Est. $1,300 and up). Battery life has been an issue with Core M systems, though not with the MacBook. However, performance, while more than acceptable for most uses, is a step behind current generation full-power processors, such as the Core i5.
If all of this weren't enough, devices with Intel's sixth generation Skylake technology may debut by the end of 2015. The "tock" in Intel's "tick tock" strategy of processor releases, Skylake is expected to represent a significant upgrade in processing and graphics performance -- more so than the "tick" upgrade Broadwell offered over the previous generation Haswell chips. That may matter a lot to those who think that too powerful isn't powerful enough, but for most computer users, especially those who need a laptop now and not six months for now, there's little practical reason to delay waiting for the next technological change to roll around.
Elsewhere in this Report: