What the best face lotions have
combination of moisturizing and water-binding ingredients as well as humectants. Experts
say plant oils, mineral oils, shea butter, cocoa
butter, petrolatum, cholesterol, silicones and animal
oils (like lanolin) are the best moisturizers. Pair these with ceramides, hyaluronic acid, elastin and amino acids, which keep water from leaving the
skin, and humectants, such as . sorbitol, glycols, glycerin and sodium PCA, that
attract water to the skin, to have an effective facial lotion.
agents and anti-irritants. Common additives include bisabolol, allantoin, burdock root, aloe, licorice root, glycyrrhetinic acid, green tea and chamomile extract, which are added to many moisturizers to help skin handle
ingredients that may cause irritation.
- Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) have been shown to clear pores and remove dead skin, resulting in
smooth, hydrated skin. The best AHA skin-care
ingredients are glycolic acid and lactic acid. BHA is salicylic acid.
- An SPF 15
or more and UVA protection. Experts
recommend your daytime moisturizer include sunscreen. Check the SPF factor and
the ingredient list for titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, avobenzone, tinsorb or Mexoryl SX.
help to prevent some of the damage caused by free radicals. There are a countless number of antioxidants --
including vitamins A, C and E, green tea extract, grapeseed oil, coffeeberry extract and idebenone - and experts say the best formulas contain a mixture of several.
is opaque and dispensers are small openings. Antioxidants
deteriorate with repeated exposure to air and sunlight and should therefore be
packaged in opaque tubes or bottles and have dispensers with small openings to
minimize air exposure.
ingredients or formulas. Although
some experts say people with oily skin don't need moisturizers, all agree that
an oil-free moisturizer is best for those with acne-prone skin. People with sensitive skin should choose a moisturizer without perfumes,
petrolatum, lanolin or other comedogenic (pore-clogging) ingredients.
Know before you go
What is your skin type? Different skin types
need varying degrees of moisture and some should avoid certain ingredients,
while others should welcome them. To determine your skin type, wash your skin with a gentle cleanser and pat dry. Wait an hour for skin to
return to normal, then press a separate tissue to your
forehead, chin, cheeks and nose. You have normal skin if there is no oil or
skin residue on any of the tissues. You have oily skin if tissues stick easily
to skin, have oily residue or become transparent. If the tissues don't stick or
have traces of flaky skin, it means that you have dry skin. If the tissues have
a mixture of oil and skin residue, you have combination skin. Sensitive skin
types tend to become easily irritated, dry, tight and itchy.
Buying Tips and
Always check a product's
ingredients; when in doubt, test it on a patch of skin first to make sure it doesn't
cause any problematic reactions. Also, be
aware that just because a product has a certain ingredient, that doesn't
necessarily mean it has enough of it to make a difference.