Like all Mosquito Magnet models, the Patriot uses propane to produce carbon dioxide (CO2); alternatively, octenol and Lurex can be used as attractants. Lurex has been shown to be effective in luring the Asian tiger mosquito, which is prevalent in the southern United States. Several scientific studies have included Mosquito Magnet traps. While most use an experimental or unspecified model, all Mosquito Magnet models use the same lures and trapping mechanisms, so we considered these studies in our analysis.
The Patriot also garners user reviews on retail websites, providing useful information about how the unit performs over time. User opinions are decidedly more mixed than the results achieved by research and government organizations, with some users enjoying great success and others complaining that the unit has made no difference in their backyard mosquito population. The company points out that proper placement can vastly improve the model's success rate, although some consumers comment that finding the best location can be challenging. Some users also complain that maintaining the unit entails significant costs.
While the Mosquito Magnet performs well in comparative tests and also earns praise from many users, it does require use of a propane tank. If you would rather not deal with propane, you might want to consider the Mega-Catch Premier XC MCP-900XC (*Est. $325), which foregoes propane-generated CO2 and lures mosquitoes with lights, heat and optional chemical attractants.
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1. Florida A&M Public Health Entomology Research and Education Center
In this study, researchers at Florida A&M compare four types of mosquito traps, including a Mosquito Magnet experimental model (MMX) baited with CO2 and octenol. The Mosquito Magnet is one of two traps that capture the highest volume and widest variety of mosquitoes. (The BG-Sentinel is the other top performer.)
Review: Comparative Species & Numbers Captured by B&G Sentinel, NZI, Mosquito Magnet X and Stinger MK-100 Mosquito Trap Configurations, John P. Smith, Eric H. Cope and Jimmy D. Walsh, 2010
2. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Researchers in this study compare six traps to determine their effectiveness in catching Asian tiger mosquitoes, the most common species in the southeastern U.S. Three Mosquito Magnet models are included, along with three traps used by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). The Mosquito Magnet Liberty (which has since been replaced by the Patriot model) captures the most Asian tiger mosquitoes of all six traps; the experimental Mosquito Magnet and the Mosquito Magnet Pro both also capture more than the CDC traps do.
Review: Evaluation of Six Mosquito Traps for Collection of Aedes albopictus and Associated Mosquito Species in a Suburban Setting in North Central Florida, D. F. Hoel, D. L. Kline and S. A. Allan, March 2009
3. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Researchers place multiple Mosquito Magnet X traps baited with CO2 and octenol, and run them continuously from March through November 2008 at a Florida Gulf Coast state park. The final report says that use of the traps "did not significantly reduce mosquito numbers" compared to results at sites with no traps. The Mosquito Magnet traps used here are experimental prototypes.
Review: Ineffectiveness of Mass Trapping for Mosquito Control in St. Andrews State Park, Panama City Beach, Florida, John P. Smith, Eric H. Cope, Jimmy D. Walsh and Charles D. Hendrickson, Jan. 2010
4. Journal of Medical Entomology
In this study, researchers measure the abundance and diversity of mosquito species captured by a Mosquito Magnet Pro (since discontinued), a Mosquito Magnet prototype and a CDC Miniature Light Trap in a wooded area of the Bronx Zoo in New York City. The Mosquito Magnets catch significantly more mosquitoes than the CDC trap, but they do not capture members of every species present.
Review: Effectiveness of Mosquito Traps in Measuring Species Abundance and Composition, Heidi Brown et al., May 1, 2008
5. U.S. Department of Agriculture
U.S. Department of Agriculture researchers test the ability of six mosquito traps in suburban Gainesville, Fla., to catch the Asian tiger mosquito. They find that the Mosquito Magnet traps capture significantly more mosquitoes than any other type of trap.
Review: Response of Aedes Albopictus to Six Traps in Suburban Settings in North Central Florida, David Hoel et al., Sept. 29, 2006
The almost 40 users posting to Amazon.com give the Mosquito Magnet Patriot an average score of 3.3 out of 5 stars. Many users say the product works well, although some report that it is ineffective against their mosquito population. Some also complain that the trap is expensive and time-consuming to maintain.
Review: Mosquito Magnet MM4100 Patriot Mosquito Trap, Contributors to Amazon.com