What the best skillet has

  • Good cooking performance. A skillet should heat evenly and maintain its heat during the entire cooking time, yet also respond fairly quickly to changes in cooking temperature; say, going from a rolling boil to a simmer.
  • A large cooking surface. Look for a skillet with enough room to cook without crowding your food. Food that is too close together may not achieve the proper consistency.
  • A thick, evenly flat bottom. A thick-bottomed skillet will retain heat and make even contact with the heating surface, promoting even browning. Thinner skillets may also bow or warp easily.
  • Comfortable weight and balance. Skillets should be heavy enough to hold heat well but not so heavy as to make cooking mobility a challenge. A helper handle on a larger, heavier skillet will make carrying it much easier.
  • A durable outer surface. While most people focus on how the interior of their skillet performs, the outer surface is important too. They should be easy to clean without leaving brown or scorch marks on the bottom under normal cooking conditions. Exterior coatings, especially those that come in bright colors, should not chip or scratch easily.
  • Well-designed handles. They should be sturdy, comfortable to grip and, ideally, stay cool to the touch.
  • Durable construction. This means a securely attached handle, fully clad construction for stainless skillets (meaning that the aluminum core extends up the sides of the pan) and a durable nonstick surface for nonstick skillets.
  • A lid. Skillets often don't include lids when purchased separately. If you can get a lid, do so, reviewers say. We saw a lot of disgruntled comments from those who love their pan, but don't have a lid to fit it when they need one. If you buy a cookware set, it usually includes an 8- and 10-inch skillet, and the included pan lids generally fit them.

Know before you go

What will you cook most? Experts say that every kitchen should have at least one of every type of skillet. Stainless-steel skillets (with an aluminum or copper core) are ideal for browning and braising. Nonstick pans are better for low-fat cooking, since they allow you to cook foods such as eggs without oil. A cast-iron pan can offer the best of both worlds, with a natural nonstick surface that still allows for searing. Cast-iron and many stainless steel skillets can also go from stovetop to oven. Most nonstick skillets are also oven-safe up to a given temperature, but that temperature is lower than would be the case with cast iron or stainless steel.

How strong are you? Though they have many advantages, cast-iron pans are very heavy -- a possible issue for users who don't want a workout in the kitchen. Perhaps more important than a skillet's weight, however, is how it's distributed. A pan with good balance and a well-constructed handle will be a lot easier to maneuver than one with a heavy base and an undersized handle.

What kind of cooktop do you have? For a smoothtop electric range, you need a skillet with a very flat bottom to make contact with the surface. In addition, if you have an induction cooktop, you'll need a skillet made of a magnetic material, such as stainless steel or cast iron. (If you're not sure about a pan's construction, you can test it by sticking a magnet to the bottom.)

Caring for your fry pans and skillets

We know, we know, life is a big enough hassle without having to hand wash, but, guess what? If you want to get the most out of your cookware -- any cookware -- you need to seriously consider making the dishwasher off-limits for your skillets. The harsh detergents, high heat and possibly banging against other dishware in the dishwasher will shorten the life of any pan. Here is a quick guide to how to care for your cookware to maximize its performance and durability.

Cast iron. Hand wash only, you don't even need to use soap, just hot water and elbow grease along with a scrubbing brush or pad. You should not soak these pans for long periods, but a brief soaking to loosen cooked on foods won't hurt. Dry thoroughly and rub a very thin coating of vegetable oil on the inside.

Stainless steel. While stainless steel is usually billed as dishwasher safe, it's better to hand wash, and as with cast iron, you can use a variety of scrubbers without worrying about scratching the finish. Also, Barkeeper's Friend or a similar abrasive cleanser is highly recommended to scrub out the baked-on bits. You can also safely soak stainless steel in hot water and dish soap for a few hours or overnight.

Nonstick. For the best results and long term durability, do not cook on high heat or use metal utensils; most nonstick pans are oven-safe only to 350 to 400 degrees. Wash in warm, soapy water and rinse well. If you see any scratches, or if the coating ceases to be nonstick, discard the pan. Ceramic skillets should be cared for the same as nonstick.

Elsewhere in this Report:

Best Reviewed Skillets: Every kitchen needs a great 12-inch skillet -- maybe even more than one. We recommend the best cast iron, enameled cast iron, stainless steel, nonstick, and ceramic skillets.

Best Cast Iron Skillets: Cast iron skillets are the most versatile choice for your kitchen. We found the best pre-seasoned cast iron and enameled cast iron; they go seamlessly from stovetop to oven.

Best Stainless Steel Skillets: Stainless steel is the material of choice for both professional chefs and passionate amateurs. While it can be pricey, there are great choices for any budget.

Best Nonstick Skillets: Nothing performs as well as a nonstick skillet for cooking eggs, delicate foods like fish, and stir frying. Ceramic performs better than ever, and we recommend some top ceramic skillets as well.

Our Sources: These are the expert and user tests, comparisons and reviews we used to determine the best skillets. They are ranked in order of their credibility and usefulness.

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