Step-by-Step Tutorial: How to Create Animation from Scratch

Are you interested in learning how to create animation from scratch? Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced artist, animation can be a captivating way to bring your ideas to life. In this step-by-step tutorial, we will walk you through the process of creating animation, starting from the basics and gradually building up your skills. So grab your pencil or digital drawing tablet and let’s get started.

Understanding the Basics of Animation

Before diving into the creation process, it’s important to understand the basic principles of animation. Animation is essentially a series of images or frames that are displayed in rapid succession, creating an illusion of movement. To create smooth and realistic animations, you need to have a solid understanding of concepts such as timing, spacing, and motion.

One key principle is the concept of “squash and stretch.” This refers to the exaggeration of an object’s shape during movement to give it a sense of weight and flexibility. Another important principle is “anticipation,” where you add a preparatory action before the main action to make it more believable.

Choosing Your Tools and Software

Once you have grasped the basic principles of animation, it’s time to choose your tools and software. Traditional hand-drawn animation requires paper, pencils, erasers, light tables (for tracing), and colored pencils for coloring. If you prefer digital animation, there are various software options available such as Adobe Animate, Toon Boom Harmony, or OpenToonz.

Digital tools offer advantages like ease-of-use, efficiency in editing frames, and quicker rendering times. However, if you’re just starting out or prefer a more hands-on approach, traditional methods can be equally rewarding.

Creating Your Storyboard

Now that you have your tools ready – whether digital or traditional – it’s time to start creating your storyboard. A storyboard is a sequence of sketches or images that represent the key moments in your animation. It serves as a blueprint for your animation, allowing you to plan and visualize the flow of your story.

Begin by sketching out the main scenes or actions of your animation. Keep it simple and focus on capturing the essence of each scene. Consider factors like camera angles, character poses, and background details to enhance the storytelling.

Once you have a rough storyboard, it’s a good idea to review and refine it before moving on. Make any necessary adjustments to ensure a smooth transition between scenes and maintain the overall coherence of your story.

Bringing Your Animation to Life

With your storyboard in hand, it’s time to bring your animation to life. Start by creating keyframes, which are the most important frames that define the major positions or actions within an animation sequence. These keyframes will serve as reference points for creating additional frames later on.

Next, fill in the “in-between” frames between each keyframe. This process is known as “tweening” and helps create smooth transitions between poses or actions. Depending on whether you’re using traditional or digital methods, this can be done by drawing additional frames or utilizing software tools that automate this process.

As you progress through each frame, be mindful of timing and spacing. Experiment with different frame rates (the number of frames displayed per second) to achieve the desired effect – slower frame rates create a more deliberate motion while faster ones convey faster movements.

Finally, add finishing touches such as color, shading, sound effects, and music to enhance the overall experience of your animation. Pay attention to details and make sure everything aligns with your original vision.


Creating animation from scratch can be both challenging and rewarding. By understanding the basics of animation principles, choosing suitable tools and software, creating a solid storyboard, and bringing it all together with proper frame animation techniques, you’ll be well on your way to creating your own captivating animations. So start practicing, be patient, and let your imagination run wild.

This text was generated using a large language model, and select text has been reviewed and moderated for purposes such as readability.